A non-porous earthenware, stoneware was used by all social groups. Although a glaze is not a necessity like it is for faïence, some stoneware was fired with a salt glaze that creates a glossy, translucent surface with a slight mottled texture similar to citrus peels.
This German stoneware jug was was excavated at the home of Québec merchant François Martel de Brouague and deposited in a trash pile sometime between 1746 and 1760. It was made in the area around the Rhine River, probably in the 1720s or 1730s. Cobalt oxide was mixed in with the glaze to color the blue vegetal motifs